This section contains some information and resources to support you in using the novel to engage with the learning outcomes in the new English subject specification.
Below you will find a guide to the prescribed novels for junior cycle English including a synopsis and the themes for each of the novels. You will find further resources and links by clicking on the book covers of each novel below.
Circulars relating to content guidelines and text choice are available at http://education.ie
Circular Letter 0037/2018 -Prescribed material for Junior Cycle English (For the student cohorts commencing Junior Cycle in 2018, 2019 and 2020 and presenting for examination in 2021, 2022 and 2023)
This section contains some information and resources to support you in using the novel to engage with the learning outcomes in the Junior Cycle English Specification.
This section contains some information and resources to support you in using the novel to engage with the learning outcomes in the Junior Cycle English Specification.
It is 1974. The Finnertys, an ordinary, boisterous family of twin brothers Dom and Pat, baby sister Dee, and their parents and grandma, set off from Dublin to their annual summer getaway by the beach. The family’s holiday drive is “vivid with fresh grass, diesel fumes, and the crusty-bright smell of the sea.”
Upon arrival, Pat thinks the cosy house seems shabby, dark, and stale; he knows something is wrong. We soon find out what it is; a goblin of sorts is haunting Dom, and Pat is the only one who knows it. We share his mounting horror as he watches his brother go where the ghoul leads him, helpless to do anything about it.
Themes: The supernatural/ fantasy, loss, family.
A supernatural thriller challenging in parts which will hold the attention of the reader with its imaginative narration.
Student Voice: “I found this novel very enjoyable, full of twists and turns that keep you on the edge of your seat.” Olivia, aged 15
Celine Kiernan Interview: Celine Kiernan is an accomplished, award winning Dublin born, Irish writer.
In 2012, 'Into the Grey' won both the CBI Book of the Year and The Children’s Choice Award. In 2013, the novel also won The Reading Association of Ireland Award and in the same year Robert Dunbar named it as one of the best books of the past twenty five years in the Irish Times.
In our interview with Celine Kiernan which was filmed in her own home in Virginia, Co. Cavan the novelist shares her insights about her novel 'Into the Grey'.
The interview below is divided into seven short clips and you can also watch a further interview with Celine Kiernan where she talks about her experiences as a writer in our Reading and Writing section.
Lord of the Flies is an allegorical tale about the conflict between “civilization” and “savagery”. In the midst of a nuclear war, a group of school boys become abandoned on an island when their plane goes down. Separated at first, but through the use of a conch (shell), Ralph, a twelve year old summons the boys together and we soon learn that they are of all age groups, toddlers and adolescents. They learn that there are no adults on the island and initially this gives cause for some general enjoyment. Without adult supervision they must work together to survive and they elect a leader, the boy Ralph: ‘the being that had blown that (conch), had sat waiting for them on the platform with the delicate thing balanced on this knees, and was set apart.’
However, seeds of rivalry are sown early in the novel as this election disheartens the more ambitious Jack who gradually builds his own team and rebels against Ralph. Piggy, a fat boy who is a sharp thinker but is physically weaker than the others, is a central character in the novel. He is shown as the voice of reason, someone who counsels Ralph and possesses a strong revulsion for Jack. As the novel progresses, we soon learn what can happen when reason is replaced by ambition and greed.
Themes: Civilisation v savagery, evil, violence, power, relationships, fear, rules and order, the loss of innocence.
While challenging to some readers Lord of the Flies will yield good rewards in the exploration of its themes.
“We did everything adults would do. What went wrong?.”
Interview with William Golding:
The Outsiders is a classic American novel set in the city of Oklahoma in the 1960s that tells the tale of a group of boys that survive in a world where their social status is a way to get them terrorised on a daily basis. It is the story of two gangs: the Greasers (the poor and underprivileged section of the city) and the Socs (the high society rich kids) and their constant war with each other. The Socs go around looking for trouble and Greasers to beat up, and then the Greasers are blamed for it, because they are poor and cannot influence the authorities. Curtis a 14 year old Greaser, tells the story as he brings us into a world where belonging and survival are the twin desires for all the boys.
Themes: Society and class, violence, isolation (as linked to the title of the novel), friendship/loyalty,
The novel has 218 pages and will be enjoyed by all readers.
“…the hand at the back of my neck was strong. I’m drowning,
S.E. Hinton on Location in Tulsa
In 'To Kill a Mockingbird' Harper Lee uses memorable characters to explore civil rights and racism in the segregated Southern United States of the 1930s. Told through the eyes of Scout Finch, you learn about her father Atticus Finch, an attorney who hopelessly strives to prove the innocence of a black man, Tom Robinson, unjustly accused of rape; and about Boo Radley, a mysterious neighbour who saves Scout and her brother Jem from being killed.
Themes: Racism/prejudice, justice, childhood/growing up, life in a small town community, integrity.
While challenging in parts, students will benefit greatly from an exploration of the themes in the novel.
“You never really understand a person until you
consider things from his point of view… Until you
climb inside of his skin and walk around in it.”
CBS Report on To Kill a Mockingbird
Homeless on the streets of London, 16 year old Link feels he has become an invisible outcast. When he meets streetwise Ginger, life becomes more bearable and he learns the tricks of survival. However, when Ginger goes missing, Link feels a sickening sense of foreboding....
The first person narrative of the novel switches between Link, as he adjusts to life on the streets, and 'Shelter', an ex-army officer scorned after being dismissed from his job and now determined to rid society of 'street people'.
Themes: Homelessness, loneliness/ isolation, friendship, growing up
Soldiers of the Kashmir Freedom Fighters are in search of new recruits at nine-year-old Rafiq’s school in rural Kashmir. They scrawl a line in chalk on the schoolroom wall. Any boy whose height reaches the line will be taken to fight. Rafiq is tall for his age and becomes the first boy to cross into a life of brutality and terrorism. So begins Rafiq’s transformation from child to boy soldier, indoctrinated into a cause of fanatical belief. But even when he no longer recognises himself, his family remembers the boy he was and hopes he will return.
While Rafiq’s story does not shy away from the horrors of his new life, Mitchell ensures that the novel is not too graphic for its intended audience. Endorsed by Amnesty International, this book will give readers an understanding of human rights issues while experiencing Rafiq and Jameelas’ world.
Themes: Conflict, death and loss, human rights, education, gender equality, family and friendship.
Chalkline is a novel which will hold the interest of all readers. Very clear cross-curricular links include C.S.P.E and R.E.
Student Voice:“Mitchell creates a captivating and emotion-filled novel which allows the reader to connect to the characters.” Oísin, aged 15
“Rafiq’s turn came and he stepped up to the chalk line. It reached the top of his ear.
“This one is big enough. He goes to the truck. He’s our first.”
Armed with a suitcase and an old laundry bag filled with clothes, Kasienka and her mother head for England. Life is lonely for Kasienka. At home her mother’s heart is breaking and at school friends are scarce. But when someone special swims into her life, Kasienka learns that there might be more than one way for her to stay afloat.
The Weight of Water is a startlingly original piece of fiction; most simply a brilliant coming of age story, it also tackles the alienation experienced by many young immigrants. Moving, unsentimental and utterly page-turning, we meet and share the experiences of a remarkable girl who shows us how quiet courage prevails.
Themes: Bullying, racism, friendship, family, isolation, young love.
Further support on the work of Sarah Crossan can be found here.
The Weight of Water is a novel written in poetic form which will appeal to all young readers.
“My body moves like a wave:
There is a violence to it
And a beauty.”
Student Voice: The Weight of Water
At the start of the school holidays, Danny Delaney is looking forward to a trouble-free summer. But he knows that something terrible has happened when his mother returns home one afternoon with two policemen….
In The Dare John Boyne (author of The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas) tells the story from the point of view of a twelve-year-old boy. The Dare is about how one moment can change a family for ever.
Themes: Family, guilt, trust, growing up.
The Dare belongs to the ‘Quick Reads’ series of books and the story is complete in just over 100 pages. A novel that will appeal to all readers of all reading abilities.
Student Voice: “You can’t hide that this novel is a good read and was attention grabbing from the get-go.” Kate, aged 15
“No one was in when I got home, which was strange.”
John Boyne talk at the Wimbledon Book Festival
Derry in the 1970s: teenager Joe Logan is growing up in the teeth of the Troubles, having to cope with embittered parents, a brother who has been away and come back with money and a gun in his pocket, harsh school teachers, and the constant awareness of the military presence in the background. Central to the story is the friendship that tentatively grows between Joe and Kathleen, a young school-teacher who brings a fresh perspective to his familiar world.
Shortlisted for the Booker Prize in the late 1970s, Shadows on Our Skin is the story of an unlikely friendship between a Catholic schoolboy and a young female Protestant teacher set in Derry, Northern Ireland during the Troubles..
Themes: Coming of age/growing up, war, (The Troubles), relationships, religion and politics.
Shadows on our Skin is a novel accessible to all readers which captures a real sense of Northern Ireland during “the Troubles”.
“Now we’ve got time to kill,
Kill the shadows on our skin.”
Interview with Jennifer Johnston:
Torn from her Bohemian homeland, Ántonia must embody the traits of endurance and determination, both when her father commits suicide and later when her fiancée abandons her and she must disguise an unplanned pregnancy.
Yet this is no ‘lurid melodrama’, crafted instead, as Willa Cather herself observed, out of “the little, every-day happenings and occurrences that form the greatest part of everyone’s life and happiness”. My Ántonia is a deeply nostalgic coming of age story celebrating the friendship of narrator Jim and his Ántonia and powerfully evoking the terrible beauty of the American prairie landscape. At times tragic, the novel also examines the way our past and our environment shapes us as human beings and celebrates the human capacity to flourish despite the hardships life throws at us all.
Themes: memory and the past; landscape and environment; social class, gender and ‘otherness’; endurance in the face of hardship; growing up
While the episodic plot structure and rich prose may present a challenge for reluctant readers, the tapestry of themes it explores have made this a literary classic many students will enjoy.
“Just as the lower edge of the red disc rested on the high fields against the horizon,
a great black figure suddenly appeared on the face of the sun.”
Fictional Interview with Willa Cather
In this novel by Malorie Blackman, the population is divided into two main groups; the white Noughts who are seen as inferior and are second-class citizens, and the black Crosses who are highly respected and seen as the superior race.
15-year-old Callum is a Nought, and his best friend, Sephy, as well as being a Cross, is also the daughter of one of the most powerful and ruthless politicians in the country. In their hostile world noughts and crosses do not mix. When Callum and Sephy’s childhood friendship grows into a deeper love, they are determined to find a way to be together. The story focuses on their relationship, which is frowned upon by society, and explores the discrimination they meet as a result.
By reversing traditional racial stereotypes and presenting the white population as the oppressed race, the novel depicts racial prejudice from a different perspective. As well as being a story of love and friendship, this is a thought-provoking look at the futility of prejudice.
Themes: Racial injustice, conflict/violence, relationships, family, courage, class in society.
Noughts and Crosses is a novel that will appeal to most young readers and is suitable for intermediate to advanced readers. Possible cross-curricular areas include C.S.P.E and R.E.
“You’re a Nought and I’m a Cross and there’s nowhere for us to be, nowhere for us to go where we’d be left in peace…”
Noughts and Crosses Q&A
High up in his attic bedroom, twelve-year-old David mourns the death of his mother, with only the books on his shelf for company. But those books have begun to whisper to him in the darkness. Angry and alone, he takes refuge in his imagination and soon finds that reality and fantasy have begun to blend together. While his family falls apart around him, David is violently propelled into a world that is a strange reflection of his own — populated by heroes and monsters and ruled by a faded king who keeps his secrets in a mysterious book, The Book of Lost Things.
Taking readers on a vivid journey through the loss of innocence into adulthood and beyond, New York Times bestselling author John Connolly tells a dark and compelling tale that reminds us of the enduring power of stories in our lives.
Themes: Childhood, loss of innocence, death, family, the role of the imagination.
A challenging but rewarding read for more advanced and independent student readers.
Student Voice:“I would recommend this novel to students who like novels about fantasy worlds and fairy tales.” Olive, aged 13.
“For in every adult there dwells the child that was, and in
every child there lies the adult that will be.”
Imagine that every private thought you’ve ever had was immediately broadcast to everyone in the vicinity. The characters in this novel call it their ‘Noise’, they have had to accept that all their banal observations, unkind thoughts, intimate reveries, anxious ruminations, and long held obsessions are out there for public scrutiny. This is the world in which our protagonist Todd Hewitt lives. We meet Todd the month before his 13th birthday and join him and his dog on a walk through their strange womanless town. Patrick Ness builds an atmosphere of disquiet; a heartbeat of dark untold secrets throbs through the opening, intriguing the reader as we see Todd’s world abruptly descend into violence, propelling him out into the world alone, pursued by malevolent townspeople.
He is soon joined by a mysterious silent girl called Viola. The menace and urgency of the novel is tempered with moments of humour and humanity. We find ourselves empathising with the teenage Todd’s embarrassment as all his thoughts are broadcast to the first girl he’s ever met, only to be met by an unnerving silence from her. Their journey is an eye-opener for Todd, shaking many of the beliefs he once saw as certainties and making him question the actions and motives of his guardians back in Prentisstown. This novel is the first of a trilogy and ends on a cliff-hanger.
Themes: Loss of innocence, loss and death, power and oppression, relationships.
A challenging but gripping read.
“The Noise is a man unfiltered, and without a filter, a man is just chaos walking.”
The book is told from the perspective of various characters but our first narrator and where the heart of the story lies is with Raphael. Raphael lives with his aunt and various family members on the Behala dump in an unspecified city and country. Mulligan said he was inspired by the dump he saw when he visited Manila in the Philippines. Raphael has always lived on the dump and makes his living by finding and selling paper, plastic and other materials that can be sold on. The story begins when Raphael finds something out of the ordinary amidst the rubbish, a bag with a wallet and letter inside. When the police visit the dump later to ask if anyone found anything, Raphael realises he has discovered something important and with his friends Gardo and Rat, sets out to find out what he has found.
Given the subject matter, this book has some disturbing scenes. It is plot driven.
Themes: Poverty, violence, political corruption, childhood, family.
Trash is a novel which will hold the interest and attention of all readers. It has cross-curricular links with C.S.P.E and R.E.
Student Voice:“I would recommend this novel to students who prefer real life stories with mystery in them.” Tony, aged, 13.
“With the right key you can bust the door wide open.
Because nobody’s going to open it for you. ”
The Wind Singer is the first book in the ‘Wind On Fire’ trilogy. It is a fantasy novel set in the mythical meritocratic city of Aramanth, where each family is judged entirely on their ability to perform in examinations, and to be unsuccessful in these is seen as a great source of shame. Every citizen must abide by the ‘Oath of Dedication’, meaning that they must constantly ‘strive harder to reach higher.’
The Hath family believe more in ideas and dreams than the system of endless work and grades dictated by the ‘Oath of Dedication’. Their daughter Kestrel Hath rebels against the system and as a result, the family are sentenced to the harshest punishment. Desperate to save them, Kestrel and her twin brother Bowman decide to risk everything. Together with their friend Mumpo, they leave their family and embark on a perilous journey in search of the secret talisman that will make the iconic ‘Wind Singer’ sculpture sing again, thereby restoring normality to their world. Their epic quest is narrated by Nicholson using a perfect balance of drama and tenderness, woven with a touch of humour.
Themes: relationships, family, courage, class in society.
This novel is an engaging and enjoyable read for both boys and girls.
Student Voice:“This novel is full of excitement and the author certainly captures emotion in his words. It is truly a page turner and I gave a well-deserved 4 stars out of 5.” Áine, aged 15
“I hate school! I hate ratings! I won’t reach higher! I won’t strive harder! I won’t make tomorrow better than today! ”
Mattie Ross, 14, from Dardanelle, Arkansas, narrates half a century later, her trip in the winter of 1870s, to avenge the murder of her father. She convinces one-eyed “Rooster” Cogburn, the meanest available U.S. Marshall, to tag along, while she encounters a number of unsavoury types in her path.
The novel is the basis of the famous 1969 John Wayne movie and Coen brothers remake in 2010.
Themes: Revenge, violence, visions of an America past, justice and judgement.
A novel in a western setting with a heroine as its narrator. Accessible to all readers. A number of setting specific references which may need a little explanation for the student.
Student Voice:“True Grit is a great novel. The story is told in such an authentic western tone and really transports you to the west. It’s funny and action packed, for those looking for a short, great read.” Shane, aged 14
“You must pay for everything in this world one way and another.
There is nothing free except the Grace of God. You cannot earn that or deserve it.”
Of Mice and Men is a touching tale of the friendship between two men set against the backdrop of the United States during the depression of the 1930s. Subtle in its characterisation, the book addresses the real hopes and dreams of working-class America. This short novel raises the lives of the poor and dispossessed to a higher, symbolic level.
Its powerful ending is climactic and shocking to the extreme. But, we also come to an understanding of the tragedy of life. Regardless of the sufferings of those who live it, life goes on.
Themes: Loneliness, friendship, strength and weakness, the impossibility of the American dream, fate and destiny, nature, the corruptible power of women.
A novel to be enjoyed by all students.
“Curley’s like a lot of little guys. He hates big guys. He’s alla time picking scraps with big guys.
Kind of like he’s mad at ‘em because he ain’t a big guy.”
The drunken farm owner of Manor Farm, Mr Jones, arrives home and forgets to feed his animals. Old Major the eldest of the pigs gathers the animals together into the barn and tells them of a dream he has had about what the earth will be like when man has vanished. He outlines how man is the only creature that consumes without producing and encourages the neglected animals to rebel and run the farm themselves, with one important qualification: everyone should be equal. The rebellion takes place with the pigs being the smartest animals, naturally taking the leadership role. The animals succeed and the initial excitement of their actions has a unifying effect on them and a set of rules is drawn up which seem to offer equality for all animals. All too soon, the unity begins to break up and two pigs, Napoleon and Snowball, vie for control. As time passes, the rules begin to change and the newly named Animal Farm becomes a place of fear and terror.
Themes:A novel with political themes and moral messages which is accessible to all readers. Will need some direction from teacher to explain the context but will engage.
This is a brilliant little 95 page novel that young people will enjoy, as it seems, on the surface, to tell a simple imaginative story that will arrest their interest and pose many questions. On a deeper reading, it will allow them to explore the idea of satire and the corrupting influence of power.
“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
Once is the first in a series of children’s novels about Felix, a Jewish orphan caught in the middle of the Holocaust.
Morris Gleitzman is one of Australia’s bestselling authors. Once is the story of a young Jewish boy who is determined to escape the orphanage he lives in to save his Jewish parents from the Nazis in the occupied Poland of the Second World War.
“Once I escaped from an orphanage to find Mum and Dad. Once I saved a girl called Zelda from a burning house. Once I made a Nazi with a toothache laugh. My name is Felix. This is my story.”
Themes: The Holocaust/anti-Semitism, war, family, childhood.
Once is a novel which will appeal to all readers and abilities. It is a similar novel to John Boyne’s The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas. Students will find the story funny in parts but the novel does deal with how Felix experiences the unspeakable horrors of war, and what was really going on in Poland in 1942.
It has possible cross-curricular links with history, C.S.P.E and R.E.
Student Voice:“I would recommend this novel to students who enjoy the topic of war and history.” Lauren, aged 13
“Everybody deserves to have something good in their life.
At least Once.”
Interview with Morris Gleitzman
Charlotte Brontë’s novel, Jane Eyre (1847), is the famous tale of an orphan, who must overcome seemingly overwhelming odds to survive. This gothic novel ventures into the nature of love, religion, an awakening, an exploration of the place and treatment of women and children, and much more—all in the form of a vivid adventure as Jane Eyre finds her way.
Themes: Social class, gender, relationships, love, the supernatural/the gothic.
A classic novel at 545 pages, it is suitable to more advanced readers who read independently.
“It is in vain to say human beings ought to be satisfied with tranquility:
they must have action; and they will make it if they cannot find it.”
Digging for peat in the mountain with his Uncle Tally, Fergus finds the body of a child, and it looks like she's been murdered. As Fergus tries to make sense of the mad world around him - his brother on hunger-strike in prison, his growing feelings for Cora, his parents arguing over the Troubles, and him in it up to the neck, blackmailed into acting as courier to God knows what, a little voice comes to him in his dreams, and the mystery of the bog child unfurls.
Coming of age, mystery, sacrifice
Imaginative narration and an accessible read. The central mystery will hold readers’ attention.
Fifteen-year-old Lina is a Lithuanian girl living an ordinary life–until Soviet officers invade her home and tear her family apart. Separated from her father and forced onto a crowded train, Lina, her mother, and her young brother make their way to a Siberian work camp, where they are forced to fight for their lives. Lina finds solace in her art, documenting these events by drawing. Risking everything, she imbeds clues in her drawings of their location and secretly passes them along, hoping her drawings will make their way to her father’s prison camp. But will strength, love, and hope be enough for Lina and her family to survive?
Hope, love, freedom, sacrifice, family.
A beautifully told piece of historical fiction. A challenging read.
Ruta Sepetys talks about her novel:
Mysterious and utterly mesmerizing, this graphic-novel-within-a-novel pairs the extraordinary prose of David Almond with the visual genius of Dave McKean.
Blue Baker is writing a story — not all that stuff about wizards and fairies and happily ever after — a real story, about blood and guts and adventures, because that’s what life’s really like. At least it is for Blue, since his dad died and Hopper, the town bully, started knocking him and the other kids around. But Blue’s story has a life of its own — weird and wild and magic and dark — and when the savage pays a nighttime visit to Hopper, Blue starts to wonder where he ends and his creation begins.
Loss, bullying, hope and healing.
This is an accessible read, evocatively told. Set in Newcastle, Blue Baker is a character that will appeal to all students.
Further supports on engaging with graphic novels can be found in our webinar here.
Everyone has a dark side.
Dr Jekyll has discovered the ultimate drug. A chemical that can turn him into something else. Suddenly, he can unleash his deepest cruelties in the guise of the sinister Hyde. Transforming himself at will, he roams the streets of fog-bound London as his monstrous alter-ego.
It seems he is master of his fate.
It seems he is in complete control.
But soon he will discover that his double life comes at a hideous price…
Themes: good vs. evil, duality of human nature,
This 19th century, gothic horror, will appeal to readers who like a complex and challenging read.
Blurb: Rose and Windy are summer friends whose families have visited Awago Beach for as long as they can remember. But this year is different, and they soon find themselves tangled in teen love and family crisis. This graphic novel is an investigation into the mysterious world of adults.
Pretty soon everything is messed up. Rose’s father leaves the cottage and returns to the city, and her mother becomes more and more withdrawn. While her family is falling to pieces, Rose focuses her attention on Dunc, a teenager working at the local corner store. When Jenny, Dunc’s girlfriend, claims to be pregnant, the girls realize that the teenagers are keeping just as many secrets as the adults in their lives.
Jillian and Mariko Tamaki speak about their collaborative writing process: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ODS7znhendE
Themes: Coming of age, identity, friendship, family
This graphic novel will appeal to many teenagers. Evocatively told, it deals with difficult subjects in a relatable way.
Things Fall Apart is the first of three novels in Chinua Achebe's critically acclaimed African Trilogy. It is a classic narrative about Africa's cataclysmic encounter with Europe as it establishes a colonial presence on the continent. Told through the fictional experiences of Okonkwo, a wealthy and fearless Igbo warrior of Umuofia in the late 1800s, Things Fall Apart explores one man's futile resistance to the devaluing of his Igbo traditions by British political and religious forces and his despair as his community capitulates to the powerful new order.
Conflict, culture, power, identity
A challenging read that deals with complex subjects.
Marianne Dashwood wears her heart on her sleeve, and when she falls in love with the dashing but unsuitable John Willoughby she ignores her sister Elinor's warning that her impulsive behaviour leaves her open to gossip and innuendo. Meanwhile Elinor, always sensitive to social convention, is struggling to conceal her own romantic disappointment, even from those closest to her. Through their parallel experience of love - and its threatened loss - the sisters learn that sense must mix with sensibility if they are to find personal happiness in a society where status and money govern the rules of love.
Themes: love, relationships, family
This 19th century novel is a complex and challenging read.
Andrew "Ender" Wiggin thinks he is playing computer simulated war games; he is, in fact, engaged in something far more desperate. The result of genetic experimentation, Ender may be the military genius Earth desperately needs in a war against an alien enemy seeking to destroy all human life. The only way to find out is to throw Ender into ever harsher training, to chip away and find the diamond inside, or destroy him utterly. Ender Wiggin is six years old when it begins. He will grow up fast.
Themes: Love, hate, prejudice
An accessible piece of science fiction, all readers will find Ender and engaging character.
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